Describe your experiences using resources, including concerns encountered when conducting academic research through the Ashford University Library.

Knowing how to thoroughly research a topic is extremely important while achieving your education. You may be asked to support your information with peer-reviewed scholarly resources, but how can you find this type of resource? The Ashford University Library allows you to search through different avenues to find the requested types of resources. You can narrow your search by the author, year published, title, subject, and also by indicating what type of resource you are looking for. You even have access to a librarian if you need some guidance in finding more resources on your topic.

This week, you will take the Standardized Assessment of Information Literacy Skills (SAILS) Exam. This exam is not graded, and your results are anonymous. The exam will exit from your screen immediately after completion, and you will not receive feedback or results. This is a nationally-normalized, standardized exam for students in universities all over the United States. The results of this assessment will guide Ashford University in developing the best possible library resources and research methodologies training. Results will be published (in aggregate) on Ashford’s assessment website. Your participation is voluntary, so thank you for your participation. Click on the link to access the SAILS Exam.

After completing the SAILS Exam, in a two- to three-paragraph response:

Describe your experiences using resources, including concerns encountered when conducting academic research through the Ashford University Library. Areas of concern may include developing a research strategy, using the search function within a database, or evaluating sources. Explain how using the Ashford University Library has improved your experience in conducting research. The response must be formatted according to APA style. Each paragraph should be at least five sentences. For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center.

The following definition describes which type of resource in the social sciences and sciences?
Publications derived by further representation of research materials. For example, to begin research, one might consult a resource in this category such as a bibliography of bibliographies, directory of directories, or a guide to the literature in this discipline.
Primary source
Secondary source
Tertiary source
Which of the following is the least effective way to keep track of the articles that you find in a database search?
E-mail a list of the articles to yourself.
Export a list of the articles into a bibliographic management tool.
Save a list of the articles to your portable drive.
Write down a list of the articles.
If you wanted to include information from the following quotation from the Encyclopaedia Britannica in your research paper, which of the options below demonstrate appropriate use of the work?
“Roosevelt first used the term Square Deal following the settlement of a mining strike in 1902 to describe the ideal of peaceful coexistence between big business and labour unions. The Square Deal concept was later largely incorporated into the platform of the Progressive Party, when Roosevelt was its presidential candidate in 1912.”
Although originally used in reference to relationships between companies and labor unions, the Square Deal ultimately became a component of the Progressive party platform in 1912.
Although originally used in reference to relationships between companies and labor unions, the Square Deal ultimately became a component of the Progressive party platform in 1912 (Britannica, p. 184).
Roosevelt first used the term Square Deal to describe the ideal of peaceful coexistence between big business and labor unions, although it was later largely incorporated into the platform of the Progressive Party, when Roosevelt was its presidential candidate in 1912 (Britannica, p. 184).
Roosevelt invented the term Square Deal after the mining strike in 1902 was settled to describe the ideal of peaceful cooperation between big business and labor unions. The Square Deal idea was later largely worked into the platform of the Progressive Party, when Roosevelt was its presidential candidate in 1912.
Academic libraries are generally thought of as collections of materials in print and electronic formats. Some of these materials are made available to users through the Web, but are not included in what we traditionally think of as the Web.
The World Wide Web is a means of communication. Computers all over the world network with one another by using a common language.
Given the preceding definitions, what can you say about the following statement?
Statement: Has material for everyone, including shoppers, support groups, fans, scholars, students, hobbyists, businesses.
This statement is true about the Web.
This statement is true about the academic library.
This statement is true about both the academic library and the Web.
This statement is true of neither the academic library nor the Web.
If you are using the 7-volume Encyclopedia of Science to find information on the topic of DNA, what is the most efficient way to be sure you find all the relevant information that is in the encyclopedia?
Look through the bibliography.
Look under “D” for DNA.
Look up “DNA” in the index.
Use the table of contents.
You want to use the following information in your research paper on cloning. What is your next step?
“Most disturbing of all, some researchers want to use cloning to create human beings solely for experimentation and destruction. They propose to supply genetically matched tissues for treating various diseases by making human embryos from patients’ body cells, then dissecting these developing embryos for their ‘spare parts.’ Some even speak of growing genetically altered ‘headless’ or ‘brainless’ human clones as organ farms.”
Find out when this quotation was written.
Plan your search strategy.
Verify the accuracy of the information.
Write your paper.
The citation below refers to what?
Gertz, Bill. (2014). “Depressions, Recessions, and Inflation.” Business Cycles, 24 (1): 28-30.
Chapter within a book
Encyclopedia article
Newspaper article
Periodical article
Most research databases have all of the following components except:
Abstracts of articles
Author biographies
Date limiting
Keyword searching
Thesaurus of subject terms
If you want to locate good journal articles on a specific topic, which of these is the best way to start?
Page through journals.
Use a research database.
Use the library catalog.
When writing a paper for a class, you are told to cite your sources using a specific documentation or citation style, for example, APA, MLA. All of these strategies would be effective for learning how to use the style except:
Consult the appropriate style manual.
Consult the library’s Web site for guides to using documentation styles.
Consult your professor about how to apply that style.
Use Google Books to find examples of bibliographies.

Using the first three pages of a book as given below: Which of the following is the correct format for citing chapter number 5 in your bibliography?
Diane Ravitch
A Century of
Battles Over
School Reform
New York * London
Toronto * Sydney * Singapore
Rockefeller Center
1230 Avenue of the Americas
New York, NY 10020
Copyright 2015
by Diane Ravitch
All rights reserved
LA216.R28 2015
370.973 – dc21
ISBN: 0-684-84417-6


The Education Ladder
A Fork in the Road
The Age of the Experts
IQ Testing
Instead of the Academic Curriculum
On the Social Frontier
Public Schools Respond
Dissidents and Critics
The Great Meltdown
The Sixties
In Search of Standards

Ravitch, Diane. “Instead of the Academic Curriculum.” In Left Back: A Century of Battles Over School Reform. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015.
Ravitch, Diane. “Instead of the Academic Curriculum.” Left Back: A Century of Battles Over School Reform. (2015): 162 – 201.
Ravitch, Diane. Instead of the Academic Curriculum. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015.
Ravitch, Diane. Left Back: A Century of Battles Over School Reform. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2015.
Which of the following concepts makes it ethically wrong for libraries to deny your access to available resources on any topic in which you are interested?

Freedom of information
Intellectual freedom
Intellectual property
Right to privacy
You are writing a paper on the legal rights of women in pre-Civil War America. Which of the following sources would be most appropriate?

Bell, Theresa. “Women and Their Rights Under the Law.” Price Law Journal. May 1982 340-355.
Hardesty, Julia. “Women’s Rights Under the Law.” The Journal for the Study of Law. 15 Fall 1850 210-25.
Ross, Barbara. “Laws and the Rights of Women.” Journal of Legal Trends. 44 Summer 1999 90-105.
Smith, Catherine. “The Law and Women’s Rights.” Journal of the Legal System. 38 January 1967 100-15.
Whitacre, Sarah. “The Lawful Rights of Women.” Journal of Law and Legislation. 71 Winter 2001 15-30.
You have been assigned a short paper topic that will require you to locate up-to-date facts about the planets in our solar system. Which of the following resources are the most useful?

Bibliography and encyclopedia
Dictionary and Web site
Encyclopedia and world atlas
Science textbook and world atlas
Web site and almanac
What is the “invisible college?”

All the information sources that students don’t know about
Collections of resources, such as archives, that are not open to the public
Method for taking classes through distance learning
Term used to describe all the ways that students learn outside the classroom
Unpublished communication among faculty, such as personal contacts, discussion forums, email
If you want to find a report of a research study that is written by the people who conducted the research, which type of resource is the best choice?

Magazine article database
Newspaper database
Scholarly journal database
Statistical information database
Your art history professor wants you to write a paper on the use of color in the famous painting, “The Madonna”.
If you were using a research database, which search strategy would be the most effective for finding relevant information?

Color and Madonna not music
Color or meaning in art
Famous paintings
Use of color in The Madonna
What is the best thing to do when you need help with library research?

Ask at the circulation desk.
Ask the person shelving books.
Call the circulation desk.
Call the reference desk.
What part of this library catalog record indicates whether you could obtain this book immediately?
New Guide to Business Planning
Publisher Info:
New York: Acme Business Press, 2015.
Smith, Robert
Business plans
Corporate strategy
Main Library
HB 4567 .A67 2015

Call number
Publisher Info
What is the best way to obtain the item in this library catalog record?
Lawrence, Jerome, 1915-
Inherit the wind / by Jerome Lawrence and Robert E. Lee
Publisher Info:
New York: Dramatists Play Service, 1958.
Main Library
PS3523.A934 I6 1958
104, [2] p. : ill; 20 cm

Click on the author’s name to obtain the full text.
Click on the call number to obtain the full text.
Search a periodical database for an online copy of this item.
Use the call number to locate the item in your library.
Your professor describes a research project she has just completed. When can you expect to read about it in a scholarly journal?

Next month
4 – 8 months
9 – 18 months
2 – 3 years
4 – 5 years
You are assigned a report for your political science class on an address made by the United Nations Secretary 10 days ago.
What research tools would be most helpful in finding information about the address?

Search for articles in Lexis-Nexis Academic (online)
Search for articles in The Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature (reference room)
Search for articles in the Social Science Index (reference room)
Search for books in the university library’s catalog (online)
For which of the following assignments would you expect to develop a full research strategy?

A five-minute presentation on a current event
A five-page analysis of a literary movement
A five-page book review
A five-page paper on the novel that you have read for class
In most research databases, an advantage to using a keyword search is that keyword searches:

Are especially useful for topics with an established body of literature.
Are more discriminating and yield more appropriate citations.
Search most or all parts of the record and yield more results.
Use subject headings created by experts.
Who is the intended audience for this article?
Changes in banking
The article gives ideas on building customer loyalty in the banking industry. Online banking has resulted in fewer clients at bank locations and may impact profits. Banks should make special efforts to retain their customers by maintaining contact with them and offering new services.

Banking professional
General public
All of the following actions qualify as plagiarism except:

Including a paragraph from an article as long as you change a few of the words.
Turning in a paper written by someone else.
Using another person’s ideas in your research paper without attribution.
Using commonly known information without attribution.
Which part of the following library catalog record would be used to locate this government document in the library?
United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Science, Commerce, and Transportation. Subcommittee on Aviation
International aviation relations
Publisher Info:
Washington : U.S. G.P.O. : For sale by the U.S. G.P.O., Supt. of Docs., Congressional Sales Office, 2015
iii, 103p. : ill ; 23 cm
United States. Congress. Senate. S. hrg. ; 114-637
Distributed to some depository libraries in microfiche
Shipping list no:

Includes bibliographical references
Sudoc #:
Y 4.C 73/7: S.HRG. 114-637
gp 97057621

ISBN: 0160538629
LCCN : gp 97057621
OCLC #: 36324337
Shipping list no.: 97-0097-P
Sudoc # : Y 4.C 73/7:S.HRG.114-637
The book you want is checked out to someone else and is not available online. If you need the informationtoday, what is the best thing to do?

Find out who has the book checked out and get it from that person.
Order the paperback or hardback book from
Request the book from another library.
Search the library catalog for another available book on the same topic.
You have decided to write a paper on the World Hockey Association of the 1970s and have found no journal article citations in general databases, history databases, and sports databases. What is the best course of action?

Narrow the topic.
Select a different type of database to search.
Select a new topic.
You have just finished reading a recent academic article on the destruction of coral reefs. Where could you immediately find a list of other articles related to this topic?

Library catalog
Library’s database system
Literature Cited/References section of the article
You would like to evaluate the quality of a specialized encyclopedia you are using for your project. What would be the most effective way to find a good review?

Go to the publisher’s Web page.
Search for reviews of the encyclopedia in a periodical index or research database.
Search the library catalog for the editor’s name.
Search the library catalog for the title of the encyclopedia.
Is it legal to burn a copy of a CD you purchased?

Yes, if you want to give a copy to a friend.
Yes, if you want to make a copy for yourself in order to preserve the original.
Yes, if you would like to return the original to the store where you purchased it.
Yes, but only if you get permission from the copyright owner.
No, it is never legal to burn a copy of a CD.
You are using a research database that uses an asterisk (*) as its truncation symbol. When you type in “mathemat*” you retrieve records that contain which of the following words?

Arithmetic, math, mathematics
Math, mathematics, mathematician
Mathematics, mathematical, mathematician
When sending a message via email, particularly to a discussion forum, it is important to:

Include the date and time of your message in your text.
Keep the message brief by avoiding complete sentences.
Select an acceptable font.
Use a descriptive subject heading.
Identify the type of resource referenced in the following database record.
Healthy Nutrition for the Elderly
Jayaraman, S.
Developments in Nutrition, Dec 2015, Vol. 27 Issue 5, pp 49-58
Accession Number:

Book chapter
Government document
Magazine or journal article
Which of the following types of source is least likely to present a one-sided view and opinions rather than facts?

Newspaper editorials
Personal or commercial Web sites
Scholarly journal articles
When recording bibliographic information for a book chapter from an edited book you are using in your research, all of the following elements are necessary to cite it correctly except:

Book editor
Call number
Chapter author
Chapter page numbers
Chapter title
Which of the following call numbers comes immediately after the call number LC 1087.3 .H24?

LC 1087 .H25
LC 1087.24 .A33
LC 1087.31 .B83
LC 1087.4 .B38
LC 1088 .L11
Which of the following best describes a “publication issued periodically, usually weekly or monthly, intended for the general public, containing articles, stories, photographs, and advertisements?”

Magazine (e.g., Psychology Today)
Newsletter (e.g., International Communication Association Newsletter)
Newspaper (e.g., The New York Times)
Scholarly journal (e.g., Quarterly Journal of Speech)
Trade journal (e.g., Advertising Age)
You are assigned a research topic for geometry class on the history of Pascal’s triangle (for an 8-10 page paper). Which source is the best one for background information on this topic?

Concise Encyclopedia of Mathematics
Encyclopedia of Science and Technology
Oxford English Dictionary
Trigonometry Textbook
World Almanac and Book of Facts
Which of the following search statements would retrieve the most records?

“Behavior disorders and hyperactivity”
Behavior disorders and hyperactivity
Behavior disorders not hyperactivity
Behavior disorders or hyperactivity
Which of the following statements is the best description of accurate information on the Internet?

Accurate and authoritative information is not available on the Internet.
Accurate and authoritative information on the Internet is available only to people or institutions paying for access to it.
Accurate and authoritative information on the Internet is freely available to anyone online.
Accurate and authoritative information on the Internet is freely available, but one must obtain passwords in order to access it.
Some accurate and authoritative information on the Internet is freely available, and some is provided only to people or institutions paying for access to it.
If a high school student tries to access a research database via a university library’s Web site from home and cannot do so, what is the most accurate explanation?

Libraries must restrict access to the databases they purchase because the databases are licensed for use only by faculty, staff and students at their institution.
Libraries must screen access to library databases to ensure they are not being used by minors.
Students at other schools of any kind must pay a fee to access library databases from home.
The student has not obtained the proper password from the database vendor for that particular database.
What do most research databases have in common?

Can restrict by date or publication type
Cover only what is in your library
Same subject headings
What is the purpose of the excerpt below:
“Decades after Scottish researchers startled the world by announcing that they had cloned a sheep named Dolly, scientists say evidence is mounting that creating healthy animals through cloning is not difficult. The vast majority of pig and goat clones are born healthy, grow normally, and are no more susceptible to health problems than their non-clone counterparts.”

To inform.
To persuade or trigger emotions.
To present a variety of viewpoints

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