Does victim-offender dialogue and mediation programs reduce recidivism
This week you will submit a draft of Section III (Methods) of the Capstone Project Report.
As outlined in the Capstone Report Checklist, Section III should be 1-2 pages in length and should contain the following:
Selection criteria: Specify study characteristics such as years considered, types of studies (e.g., quantitative and/or qualitative) for eligibility
Search strategy: Present full electronic search strategy for at least one database.
In drafting this section of the paper you should use as your model the Methodology section in this week’s required reading by Farrington and Welsh, “Improved street lighting and crime prevention.” http://www.crim.cam.ac.uk/people/academic_research/david_farrington/lightsw.pdf
Section III should be well written and formatted according to APA requirements. Provide a minimum of three credible scholarly resources to support your claims.
Running head: VICTIM-OFFENDER MEDIATION Victim-Offender Mediation 1 VICTIM-OFFENDER MEDIATION 2 Section I
Victim-Offender and Dialogue Mediation Programs Reduce Recidivism
Neglect of the victim in the criminal justice process.
Background of the Problem
Maybe the most pervasive issue tormenting the criminal justice system is that retributive
equity is an insufficient method for lessening crime. Retributive equity alludes to a framework
that looks for justice using discipline; courts force control, more often than not as a jail sentence,
and justice is accepted to have been served once said regulation is implemented. As detailed, the
retributive equity strategy adds to the stuffed jail system from which sicknesses develop, for
example, viciousness, what’s more, the absence of guilty party administrations. Research exhibits
that reclamation of equity, instead of conduct change, is the essential inspiration for retributive
discipline. As per this hypothesis, to reestablish common request, a guilty party must be rebuffed
in the extent to the gravity of the wrongdoing. Since the primary inspiration of forcing an
arrangement of retributive equity is “reclamation” instead of conduct change, retributive equity
does not work to stop future wrongdoing. Such discipline is done as higher rates of captures and
progressively extended and severe jail sentences. In any case, “if serious training and detainment
were compelling, America would be one of the most secure social orders in the world” [Lau16].
The criminal justice system as it as of now stands “approaches crime as having been
submitted by the State, as contradicted to against the casualty and the group on the loose.” It
results in the disregard of the victim in the criminal equity process. Their inclinations and VICTIM-OFFENDER MEDIATION 3 requirements for the conclusion are once in a while considered while arraigning and sentencing
the culprits of the demonstrations submitted against them.
In the United States, the essential method for managing crime is through requital, a
framework that spotlights on weakening and looks to accomplish equity using single discipline.
However, because the hypothesis primary such a framework concentrates on reestablishing
“social request” through discipline, as opposed to changing the conduct of the wrongdoer,
retributive equity has been incapable in its objective of lessening and deflecting wrongdoing. As
a result, our detainment facilities are packed, and the necessities of the casualties and groups are
left unsatisfied. The criminal equity framework must change in ways that address human needs
by focusing on conduct change instead of the necessary burden of reformatory sanctions [Sar08].
VOM is the most seasoned and most generally practiced articulation of remedial equity.
These projects permit intrigued casualties to meet their guilty parties in sheltered and organized
settings. The theory behind VOM projects is that with the backing of a go-between, the victim,
and the guilty party can “start to determine the contention and to develop their particular
methodology to accomplishing equity even with their specific wrongdoing.”
As opposed to the depersonalization experienced by both casualties, what’s more, guilty
parties in the customary way to deal with criminal equity, VOM works in a way that perceives
that wrongdoing is conferred on genuine individuals—not only the State. Further, VOM
mitigates the issues connected with the criminal equity framework’s treatment of casualties,
particularly victims’ encounters of weakness and auxiliary exploitation. And helps wrongdoers
comprehend and manage the human component of the wrongdoing they conferred, subsequently VICTIM-OFFENDER MEDIATION 4 tending to the requirements of both casualties and guilty parties. “Instead of setting the victim in
an inherent part and strengthening an ill-disposed element which frequently brings about the
little passionate result for the victim and small, assuming any, immediate responsibility by the
guilty party. Casualty wrongdoer intervention encourages an exceptionally dynamic and
individual procedure. This process stands up to the feelings of the victim, and the blame and
disgrace of the guilty party, in the trusts of encouraging a communication that permits the
wrongdoer to express regret and get absolution.
Significance of Study
The motivation behind victim-offender mediation dialogue is to give a convenient clash
determination handle that effectively includes victims and offenders in repairing (to the degree
conceivable) the passionate and material mischief created by the crime. An opportunity for both
victim and offender parties to examine offenses and express their emotions and for casualties to
get answers to their inquiries; and an open door for victims and offenders to grow commonly
adequate compensation arranges that address the damage brought on by the crime [Wil99]. Section II
Purpose Statement VICTIM-OFFENDER MEDIATION 5 To determine how the criminal justice system often neglects the needs of the victim.
Judge the effectiveness of the VOM.
Discuss the limitations of this program.
What are the future challenges to this program? References VICTIM-OFFENDER MEDIATION 6 Ravinsky, L. (2016). REDUCING RECIDIVISM OF VIOLENT OFFENDERS THROUGH
VICTIM OFFENDER MEDIATION. Retrieved from Cardozo JCR:
Thiessen, S. (2008, June 18). Victim Offender Reconciliation Program Recidivism Study.
Retrieved from in: http://www.in.gov/idoc/files/Thiessen_VictimReconciliation_2008.pdf
William R. Nugent, M. S. (1999). Participation in Victim-Offender Mediation Reduces
Recidivism. Retrieved from voma: http://www.voma.org/docs/connect3.pdf
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